Canines have essential no instinct to urinate or eliminate outside of the home; the only instinct that they have is to find what seems like the 'perfect spot' to them.
In addition, it is a myth that a dog will not go to the bathroom near the area in which he eats. Puppies have very little ability to hold their needs and even an adult will defecate or urinate near his feeding area if given no other choice.
It will be the owner's job to train the puppy to go to the bathroom where expected and to signal when there is a need.
Step by Step Instructions for House Training a Chihuahua
1) Choose the area.
Before diving into potty training, have a chosen designated area that will serve as the dog's bathroom. This should be located near the house but not very close to where humans tend to gather. Therefore, it should not be close to a barbecuing area, etc.
When deciding on where this should be, keep in mind different weather conditions that your locations experiences during the year. What may seem like a great area in the summer may not work well in the winter
when there is 2 feet of snow on the ground.
Puppy-proof the area for any sharp objects or any other dangers.
As you will see ahead, there may be a need to set up a lawn chair in the very center of this spot. Being patient while a dog readies himself is a big element to successful house training. You'll find that being able to sit down to read, look over your emails or busy yourself will make it easy to wait the required amount of time.
2) Have all needed items readied and near the exit door.
For your Chihuahua, you'll need his leash. A short 6 foot leash is recommended. For you, have your coat, shoes and any other needed items near the door so that if you can both make a quick departure.
3) Have a set schedule.
You will want to take your puppy to the designated area every few hours, based on his/her age:
• 2 months old = every 2 hours
• 3 months old = every 3 hours
• 4 months old - every 4 hours
• 5 months old = every 5 hours
You will also want to bring him/her outside at specific times based on meals, actions and time of the day:
• Each morning as soon as the puppy wakes up
• 15-20 minutes before the last human leaves for the day if the puppy will be home alone
• 20 minutes after each feeding
• Any time right after the pup awakens from a moderate to long nap
• Roughly 20 minutes before bedtime
• Any time that the Chihuahua makes a motion to squat or lift a leg. Clap your hands to distract the pup. If there is not time to connect the leash and walk him outside, grab the leash and carry him. Even if he dribbles along the way, the goal will be to have the puppy finish in the designated area and that should be considered a success.