This breed does best with two walks per day and if a Chihuahua is taken outside early in the morning and then again later in the evening when the day is cooling down, this alone can help you avoid the searing summer heat and sun.
Depending on the weather conditions it may be advantageous to change the routine somewhat; you may find that a longer walk in the cool morning and a shorter one in the evening works better in the summer than a 50/50 split.
2) Take care when in the yard
You may enjoy spending time outside in your yard in the summer and may be wondering if it's okay to keep your Chihuahua with you. You may spend hours gardening, barbequing or even swimming.
You'll want to provide an area of shade, a way to cool off via water or both. Many dogs love to splash around in a small plastic children's pool and this is a great method to helping a Chihuahua stay cool in the summer. Another option that many dogs enjoy is an oscillating sprinkler which can keep a puppy or dog occupied for quite some time while the water keeps his body cool.
3) Protect his paws- Asphalt surfaces can reach up to 80 degrees Fahrenheit higher than the air temperature on hot summer days and pavement made of concrete can be up to 30 degrees hotter. While a dog's paws are made of thick skin, they are not invincible and can suffer from first degree burns within 5 seconds.
This will cause a drying and peeling effect that will then be exasperated as the Chihuahua moves about. This can be avoided by applying a quality paw wax.
A good brand will be absorbed quickly (within 10 seconds or so) and will provide a layer of protection between the paws and any hot roads or sidewalks. This is normally applied 2 to 3 times per week. Another option is to place doggie shoes on your Chihuahua; some actually enjoy wearing these and some are less tolerable.
4) Bring water - No matter how far you are walking or where your destination is, it's always smart to bring along water for your Chihuahua anytime you venture out in the summer. Not only do dogs drinks much more during hot months and offering water more often can help keep a dog from becoming dehydrated, but also taking a break every 20 minutes to offer cool water can prevent summer heat stress.
Portable canine water containers with an opening a large enough to place ice cubes inside and those that had a lid that serves as the bowl are a good choice.
5) Protect the nose -
The nose is especially vulnerable to sunburn just like with humans. Once the top layer is damaged by the sun, it can begin to peel. If steps are not taken to help that heal, it can lead to cracking and more serious issues. Dabbing a snout butter or balm on the nose 15 minutes before heading out can help keep the leather protected and healthy.
6) Protect the belly -
Breeds that stand close to the ground, like the Chihuahua, are prone to sunburn on the belly. This is because the stomach can get sunburned from the reflected light from ground surfaces and the skin
in this area is usually very sensitive. It's always a good idea to rub a bit of canine sunblock on the stomach and groin area if you'll be outside for more than 30 minutes in the summer.
If you'll be taking your Chihuahua to the beach, lake or other outdoor area with hot sand and/or water which can reflect UV rays, paws, nose and belly protection is a must.
7) Prevent skin and coat dryness -
While winter weather
can really dry out a dog's skin and coat, summertime can be cause issues as well. The sun can gradually have a burning affect, which can actually cause the fur to change color
. If a Chihuahua is outside a lot, dark fur such as brown or black can eventually develop a red tinge.
Also, during the summer skin can dry out, causing itching and peeling.
The best method to avoid these problems is to use a quality leave-in coat conditioning spritz. These are light sprays that will prevent sun damage. An added bonus is that the right product will also work as a deodorizer and make a dog smell fresh can clean. There is no need to use a lot; it's recommended to spray and then brush downward to distribute the product.
8) Use a cooling bandana -
Canine cooling bandanas can be a great way to keep a Chihuahua puppy
or dog feeling comfortable on hot days. These can be used both indoor and when outside. Be sure to use one that is sized for toy breeds so that there is not too much weight placed on the neck.
An alternative is to simply soak a 'regular' bandana in cool water and secure it to the Chihuahua, taking care that it fits as a collar should, with two fingers able to be slipped between that and the neck.