If your Chihuahua is a healthy weight, you will not need to increase the calories
ingested throughout the day, but rather spread that food out over more feedings than you previously have. Owners can sometimes fall in the trap of thinking that an adult dog only needs to eat once a day or twice at most.
That can save time and make preparing meals easy; however with this breed it causes long periods of time that the stomach is empty.
Stomach acids start churning and the intestines become aggravated to the point of the bile moving into the stomach. There, with nothing to cushion it or absorb it, it will then be expelled out as a white or yellow liquid with foam and/or mucus.
Help for All Ages
Adding an extra meal can be tricky for those who are gone all day at work and the Chihuahua is left home alone. There are a few things that you can do:
Toys or dispensers that hold kibble that is released over a period of time can help; not only does it allow the puppy to eat while you are away, these types of toys can also help with separation anxiety
as they keep the pup very busy.
Never rush breakfast or any meal for that matter. Especially in the morning, an owner may be rushing around and trying to get ready to leave the house. A bowl may be set down for the Chi but taken away before he is done eating.
Some Chihuahuas may gulp down their food but others are slow and steady. Always make sure that your puppy has adequate time to eat at his own pace and finish all food given to him.
Keep meals very small so that you can increase the amount of feedings
. If you Chihuahua normally eats 1/3 cup, 3 times per day, change this to 1/4 cup, 4 times per day.
If your Chihuahua vomits bile first thing in the morning, this usually means that sleeping at night is just too long for him to go without food. Due to this, stomach acids build up overnight and are regurgitated when the pup awakens.
In these cases, you'll want to feed a healthy snack right before bedtime. If your puppy wakes up at night for bathroom needs, offer him a small treat as reward before you bring him back to bed. As soon as he wakes up he should be given breakfast immediately after being brought outside.
If he tends to vomit almost instantly after waking up, you'll want to have a snack ready to give to him even before going out.
You may consider free-feeding as a method of stopping a puppy from vomiting foam. This is the method of leaving out food all day and allowing the dog to eat whenever he wishes. This can be a fix however it can set up some bad habits and should only be done if there is no other choice. Before opting for this do try the treat-release toys or dispensers if you will be away.
The reason why this may not be a great idea is because the Chihuahua needs strong leadership in the household to prompt good behavior. Owners need to be seen as leaders in order to have commands obeyed; if not a Chihuahua will not listen
and this can lead to all sorts of issues.
One of the best ways of instilling proper hierarchy is for the dog to clearly know that his human provides the food. This is achieved by only placing down the bowl
after the dog has obeyed the 'Sit' command. With free-feeding, this opportunity is lost.